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The Journal of Advances in Parasitology

Research Article
J. Adv. Parasitol. 5(1): 11-21
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Muhammad Al Amran1, Saroj Kumar Yadav2*, Ferdoshe Akter3, Sudeb Sarkar3, Md Amir Hossain3, Subrata Malaker Joy4, Al-Ameen Khalid Samrat1

1Veterinary Collegiate Hospital (DAPVCH), Companiganj-3850, Noakhali, Bangladesh; 2Department of Medicine and surgery, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi, Chit¬tagong-4202, Bangladesh; 3Upazilla Livestock Office, Bangladesh; 4Bangladesh Agriculture University, Mymensing, Bangladesh.

Abstract | A one-year long epizootiological survey was conducted to study the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) parasitic diseases in goats (Capra hircus) of three geographical areas of Bangladesh including Central Veterinary hospital (CVH) of Dhaka& S.A. Quaderi Teaching Veterinary Hospital (SAQTVH) of Chittagong, and Veterinary Hospital of Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Mymensingh. Fecal samples were evaluated by routine coproscopical methods. The effects of topography, season, age and gender on GI parasitic infection were evaluated by chi-square test and t-test. An overall parasitic burden was nearly similar in all the study areas; 63.88% in samples from CVH, 62.13% in samples from BAU Veterinary Hospital and 59.43% in samples from S.A. Quaderi Teaching Veterinary Hospital. The highest prevalence of Trematodes infection was recorded in BAU Veterinary Hospital (40%) compared to CVH (6%) and S.A. Quaderi Teaching Veterinary Hospital (2%). Prevalence of Nematodes infection was the highest (66%) in goats of CVH. Among nematodes, the highest prevalence was recorded for Haemonchus (39.81%) in CVH. Prevalence of cestode was remarkably low in three study areas. GI parasitic infections were more common in female BB(63%), Jamunapari (64%), when the animals were more than 1 year old (61%) and among goats of Dhaka (68%) region. It was observed a heterogenous occurrence of some GI parasitic diseases according to different regions which might indicate the presence of some risk factors in the study areas. The present study could serve as a baseline study for further extensive experiments to evaluate region-specific risk factors.

Keywords | Black Bengal, Gastrointestinal parasites, Haemonchus, Jamunapari, Prevalence