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The Journal of Advances in Parasitology

Research Article
J. Adv. Parasitol. 5(1): 6-10
Http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.jap/2018/5.1.6.10
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Khurshaid Anwar

Veterinary Research & Disease Investigation Center Balogram, Swat, Pakistan.

Abstract | Haemoprotozoans are responsible for considerable economic losses in livestock in Pakistan. This study was carried out to determine the presence and distribution of tick-borne haemoprotozoan parasites (Theileria, Babesia and Anaplasma) in apparently healthy ruminants. In the present study, a total of 1101 blood samples (690 cattle (Bos indicus), 243 Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis), 108 sheep, and 60 goats) were examined for blood parasites from June 2013 to June 2016. Microscopic examination of Giemsa-stained peripheral blood smears exhibited an overall prevalence of theileriosis in three years to be 67.39, 15.63, 15.74, and 0 %, babesiosis 15.79, 51.44, 14.81 and 41.66 %, anaplasmosis 2.9, 13.99, 29.63, and 1.66 % in cattle, buffaloes, sheep and goats respectively. The prevalence of theileriosis and babesiosis was significantly higher in cattle, buffaloes and sheep while goats showed low prevalence percentage of anplasmosis and Zero % of theileriosis. The present work emphasized that theileriosis was the most prevalent disease in cattle and need to be eradicated.

Keywords | Haemoprotozoans, Livestock, Buffaloes, Theileriosis, Cattle, Anaplasmosis