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The Journal of Advances in Parasitology

Research Article
J. Adv. Parasitol. 5(1): 1-5
Http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.jap/2018/5.1.1.5
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Khawla Elati1*, Hounaida Chiha1, Médiha Khamassi Khbou2, Mohamed Gharbi1

1Laboratoire de Parasitologie. Univ. Manouba. Institution de la Recherche et de l’Enseignement Supérieur Agricoles. École Nationale de Médecine Vétérinaire de Sidi Thabet. 2020 Sidi Thabet. Tunisia; 2Laboratoire de Maladies Contagieuses-Zoonoses-Législation Sanitaire. Univ. Manouba. Institution de la Recherche et de l’Enseignement Supérieur Agricoles. École Nationale de Médecine Vétérinaire de Sidi Thabet. 2020 Sidi Thabet. Tunisia.

Abstract | This survey was conducted during one year on 117 donkeys slaughtered in Tunis’s slaughter house. A total of 4536 larvae were collected consisting of four Gasterophilus species. The population was dominated by G. intestinalis (49.6%±9) followed by G. pecorum (31.6%±8.4), G. inermis (17.9%±7) and G. nasalis (14.5%±6.3) (p<0.005). The infestation prevalence was high (69.2%; 81/117) with no statistically significant difference according to age group and gender (p=0.4 and p=0.2; respectively). The mean infestation intensity and abundance were 56 larvae/infested donkey and 38.8 larvae/examined donkey, respectively and varied significantly according to age group (p<0.005 and p<0.003; respectively). The animals were co-infested (46.9%) during the whole year by two larvae instars and more than one parasite species. The present study showed the role of donkeys as reservoirs of Gasterophilus larvae, these animals could be considered in control programmes implemented to horses.

Keywords | Donkeys, Infestation,Gasterophilus spp., Activity dynamics, Tunisia