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The Journal of Advances in Parasitology

Research Article
J. Adv. Parasitol. 4(2): 33-40
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Nada Abdel Fattah El-Nadi, Eman Khalaf Omran, Noha Sammer Ahmed, Eman Fathi Fadel

Department of Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt.

Abstract | Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) are of the maximum generic of human infections international, causing extensive morbidity and mortality particularly in children. Our aim was to estimate the situation of IPIs in stool and fingernails samples among elementary schoolchildren in Sohag, Egypt. In this cross-sectional research stool specimens from 200 schoolchildren were inspected macroscopically and microscopically by formol-ether sedimentation, after that staining with Kinyoun’s modified acid-fast stain. Fingernails cuts of the children were gathered, put in tubes including 10% KOH before examination by light microscope for detection of parasites. A detailed questionnaire about clinical symptoms was done. Univariate also multivariable logistic relapse models were calculated for interpretation of the danger figures for parasitic infection. 63.5% of children harbored at least one type of intestinal parasite. There were significant differences regarding infections in contrast to residence and family size. Monoparasitized children constituted 40% while 23.5% were polyparasitized. Protozoa were more frequent than helminths parasitizing (53.5% vs 4%) of the studied children. Cryptosporidium sp., G. duodenalis and E. histolytica/ dispar were the majority regular parasites found, with prevalence rates of 34%, 14.5% and 13% respectively. The predominant helminthic infection was H. nana (5%). Polyparasitzed children were more frequently symptomatized than monoparasitized children. A significant difference was detected between diarrhea and polyparasitzed children. E. vermicularis and H. nana eggs were found in 2% of the fingernail clippings. Age, gender, residence, also family size were not danger figures to polyparasitism after calculation of univariate what’s more multivariable logistic relapse models. IPIs were very common among Sohag schoolchildren. Hence, there is an insistent requirement to execute an integrated project to decrease the predominance and intensity of these infections.

Keywords | Intestinal parasitic infections, School children, Polyparasitized, Monoparasitized