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The Journal of Advances in Parasitology

Research Article
J. Adv. Parasitol. 4(1): 15-22
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Said Sajjad Ali Shah, Muhammad Ilyas Khan, Hanif Ur Rahman

Veterinary Research Institute, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Abstract | Parasitism is considered as an important risk factor for the productive capacity of small ruminants and it causes huge economic losses in most parts of the world, including Pakistan. This study was designed with the objective to determine the hematological profile and prevalence of haemo-parasitic diseases in small ruminants and to correlate it with its health status. Total of 300 blood samples (Sheep, n=249, Goat, n=52) were collected from different areas of Peshawar and Khyber agency. Samples were processed for the presence of haemo-parasites and different hematological parameters were estimated. Prevalence of haemo-parasitic diseases was recorded as 40, 7 and 6% for anaplasmosis, babesiosis and theileriosis, respectively. Different risk factors were studied but no statistical significant changes (p>0.05) were observed in prevalence of haemo-parasitic diseases with respect to season, location, specie, age and sex. Hematological profile of diseased animals showed significant decrease (p<0.05) in TEC, Hb, PCV, MCH and MCV while no significant changes (p>0.05) were observed in MCHC and TLC. On basis of erythrocytic indices in sheep anemia can be classified as macrocytic normochromic while in goats anemia was recorded as macrocytic hypochromic. It can be concluded from the results that anaplasmosis was the most prevalent haemo-parasitic disease followed by Babesiosis and Theileriosis in the stdudy area and along with general health status of the animal it also affect the hematological profile of animals.

Keywords | Haemo-parasitic diseases, Prevalence, Hematology, Risk factors, Anemia