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Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 6(3): 121-127
Http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.aavs/2018/6.3.121.127
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Abd El-Nasser Ahmed Mohammed1,2, Adel Al-Hozab1, Tarek Alshaheen1

1Department of Animal and Fish Production, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut University, Egypt, 71526.

Abstract | The present study aimed to explore the changes of body temperature, heart rate, blood partial pressure of oxygen (PO2) and glucose levels upon diazepam and/or xylazine administration in mice. Sixty male albino mice (33.89 ± 0.41 g body weight; BW) were distributed randomly into five groups given intraperitoneal (IP) injection: control group given physiological saline; diazepam group (D) given13.3 mg/kg BW; xylazine group (X) given26.6 mg/kg BW); DX group given both13.3 mg/kg BW diazepam and 26.6 mg/kg BW xylazine; DXVas group given DX dose for vasectomy surgical operation. The values of body temperature, PO2, heart rate and blood glucose were recorded of groups at 0, 20 min, 40 min, 1h, 2h, 3h, 4h, 8h of diazepam and/or xylazine injection. The results indicated a significant (P < 0.05) transient negative side effect of diazepam and/or xylazine dosages on body temperature, PO2, heart rate and blood glucose, which were the highest at 1-2 h post-drug administration. The transient negative side effects decreased gradually thereafter at 2h, 3h, 4h and 8hof drugs’ injection. The transient negative side effects were more significantly pronounced in xylazine, DX and DXvas groups compared to diazepam and control groups and extended to 8h of injection. In conclusion, the given dosage of diazepam and/or xylazine resulted in transient negative side effects in body temperature, PO2, heart rate and blood glucose, which returned approximately close to normal levels at 8h of injection. The DX anesthesia dose is sufficient and safe for performing minor and major surgeries in mice.

Keywords | Diazepam, Xylazine, Analgesia, Anesthesia, Oxygen, Glucose