Abstract | Dog (Canine lupus familiaris) is one of the most neglected specie in the research institutes in Pakistan. Humans are at great risk of zoonotic diseases due to close association with dogs and humans-dog interspecies bond is at danger due to these diseases. The aim of the study was to determine the haemo-parasitic diseases of dogs, its effect on hematological profile and to correlate it with general health status of dogs. Total of 121 blood samples were collected from district Peshawar and Charsadda from public and private sectors including armed forces. Microscopic results showed 34 and 19% prevalence of anaplasmosis and canine babesiosis, respectively. Prevalence of haemo-parasitic diseases in dogs were studied with respect to different risk factors i.e. season, location, breed, owner, sex and age. Statistically significant (P<0.05) relation was recorded with respect to season, breed, ownership and age while no significant (P>0.05) relation was observed with respect to location and sex. Anemia was striking feature in hematological parameters with significant (P<0.01) decrease in red blood cells, hemoglobin and hematocrit values and can be classified as normocytic hypochromic with significant decrease (P<0.01) in Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC). Ticks are important vector for the transmission of the haemo-parasites and ticks infestation is favored by hot and humid environment, the reason for higher prevalence of haemo-parasites in the summer season. Awareness among the community should be initiated through media talks, print and electronic media for periodical screening of their dogs for haemo-parasitic diseases and along with that control strategies should be designed.
Keywords | Haemo-parasitic diseases, Prevalence, Hematology, Anaplasmosis, Canine babesiosis, Anemia