Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 4 (5): 241 - 249
Http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/journal.aavs/2016/4.5.241.249
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Sitanath Munda1, Rajeev Pandey2, Bhojne GR3, Dakshinkar NP3, Amol S Kinhekar4, Vivek Kumar4, Ravikumar RK4*, Vipin Kumar

1Outstanding Traditional Knowledge Holder; 2Social Upliftment Trust & Collaborator, Honey Bee Network; 3Nagpur Veterinary College, MAFSU, Nagpur; 4National Innovation Foundation-India, Satellite Complex, Ahmedabad 380 015, India.

Abstract | National Innovation Foundation-India had redefined livestock innovation system in India through green grassroots technological innovations and outstanding traditional knowledge practices. The institution address the requirement for future generation to understand values of Indigenous Knowledge Research System through empirical evidence. Communities maintain these knowledge systems for their sustenance with help of learnings from nature. This research study is one such example to showcase medicinal value of novel veterinary medication preserved by outstanding traditional healer Shri. Sitanath Munda, Jharkhand state of India. The experience reiterates importance of building trust and reciprocity towards knowledge holders as advocated by Honey Bee Network. Social interaction with creative society and peer group pressure enabled healer to share a medication in treatment of bloat among ruminants. This medication AHP/JH/SM was tested against clinical condition in small ruminants. It was found that average abdominal girth of bloated goats [0th hour, 81.33 ± 3.61 cms] was significantly reduced by 2.5 hours of post treatment [76.66 ± 4.86 cms]. It had significant impact by improving rumen motility from 0th hour [0.50 ± 0.34] to 2.5th hour [1.33 ± 0.21] as well as 8 hour [1.66 ± 0.21] of post treatment. An in-vitro rumen simulation experiment confirmed its property to sustain pH and restored viability of rumen microflora. This had resulted in 50 percent reduction of gas production thereby reduced emission of greenhouse gas. These effective formulations need to be incorporated in intervention program of animal husbandry departments. This will enhance the scope of interaction between formal resource personnel with society to understand, imbibe and to act on local wisdom. More evidences have to be generated to understand tacit value of Indigenous Knowledge Research System [IKRS] in addressing environmental concern.

Keywords | Bloat, Greenhouse Gas, Assessment, Validation, Indigenous, Ruminants