Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

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Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 3 (9): 500 - 502
http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/journal.aavs/2015/3.9.500.502
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Siddhartha Narayan Joardar1*, Sabyasachi Mukherjee2, Chandan Lodh1, Arkendu Halder1, Anupama Mukherjee2

1Collaborating centre, All India Network Programme on Bluetongue, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Ethics and Jurisprudence, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Belgachia, Kolkata-700037, India; 2ICAR- National Research Centre on Mithun, Jharnapani, Medziphema-797106, Nagaland, India.

*Correspondence | Siddhartha Narayan Joardar, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Belgachia, Kolkata, India; Email: joardar69@gmail.com

Abstract
The present study was conducted to assess the seroprevalence of bluetongue (BT) in mithun (Bos frontalis). Serum samples were collected from apparently healthy mithuns from their original breeding tract of Nagaland with free range management. Anti-BT antibodies were detected in sera using indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (i-ELISA). Out of total 50 serum samples screened, 19 serum samples (38%) were found positive for the presence of anti-BT antibodies. Incidence of bluetongue in animals of Nagaland being not reported so far, the present paper reports seroprevalence of bluetongue in this bovine species indicating bluetongue virus (BTV) infection in those animals. The study indicates presence of bluetongue virus in Nagaland that warrants further studies on potent vectors and BTV serotypes circulating in the state.

Keywords | Antibodies, Bluetongue, i-ELISA, Mithun, Nagaland, Seroprevalence

Editor | Kuldeep Dhama, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Received | June 17, 2015; Revised | July 16, 2015; Accepted | July 19, 2015; Published | July 29, 2015

Citation | Joardar SN, Mukherjee S, Lodh C, Halder A, Mukherjee A (2015). Seroprevalence of bluetongue in free-range mithuns (Bos frontalis). Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 3(9): 500-502.

ISSN (Online) | 2307-8316; ISSN (Print) | 2309-3331

Copyright © 2015 Joardar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.