Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 3 (5): 259 - 268
http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/journal.aavs/2015/3.5.259.268
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Ruchi Tiwari1*, Sharad Kumar Yadav2, Shanker Singh3, Neeraj Kumar Gangwar4

1,2Department of Veterinary Microbiology, 3Department of Veterinary Medicine, 4Department of Veterinary Pathology, Uttar Pradesh Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhayay Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishvidhyalaya Ewam Go-Anusandhan Sansthan (DUVASU), Mathura (U.P.)–281001, India.

*Correspondence | Ruchi Tiwari, College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, DUVASU, Mathura, India; Email: ruchi.vet@gmail.com

Abstract
The present study demonstrated bacterial etiology of skin affections and their antibiogram profiling of different animal species of various age groups. A total of 255 samples from cattle, buffalo, dogs, goats, sheep, camel and horses were collected over a period of two years (2012-2014) from Mathura, (U.P.) India, and nearby surrounding areas. Clinical samples were collected from variety of skin disorders, subjected to laboratory isolation and identification as per standard protocols. The bacterial infection, Staphylococcus aureus, was the most common isolate (36.22 %), followed by E. coli (34.59 %), Pseudomonas (20.54), Bacillus (16.21), Klebsiella (12.43), Micrococcus spp (8.11 %), Streptococcus pyogens (7.56), Proteus (6.49), Clostridium (3.78), Gram negative non-lactose fermenter (2.7%), Gram positive non-spore producing bacilli (2.16) and Fusobacterium (0.54 %). Bacterial isolates obtained were subjected to in vitro antibiotic sensitivity testing by disc diffusion method against 23 commercially available antimicrobial discs. Results of the current study revealed maximum sensitivity to gatifloxacin (94.03%), amikacin (85.7%), mild sensitivity to sparfloxacin (44.85%) and gentamicin (43.48%); emergence of multi-drug resistant bacterial strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, E.coli appeared to be an important finding. Present study is intended to document the complex microbial inhabitants of wounds from animals and their antimicrobial sensitivity pattern and strongly recommended the use of antimicrobial sensitivity testing to know the rapidly changing pattern of antibiotic activity. The study will further aid to the existing literature for planning new alternative therapeutic strategies against rising global health havoc of multidrug resistance.

Keywords | Bacteria, Skin affections in animals, Wounds, Abscesses, Antibiotic resistance