Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 3 (1): 58 - 70
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Manal A. M. Mahmoud, Hosnia S. Abdel-Mohsein
Department of Animal Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut 71526 – Egypt.

*Correspondence | Hosnia S. Abdel-Mohsein, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt; Email:

Exposure to heavy metals through poultry consumption may lead to health risks in Egypt, especially in areas with expanding industrial and agricultural activities. Lead (Pb), Cadmium (cd), Aluminum (Al) and Nickel (Ni) concentrations were determined in poultry muscle and liver using ZEEnit 700P Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer with Graphite Furness. Mean concentrations of Pb and Cd in poultry muscle and liver exceeded the maximum tolerable limit set by the European communities. However, Al and Ni concentrations were below the guideline limits. According to the Egyptian standardization, only 33% and 66% of liver and muscle samples from Assiut exceeded the limit, respectively. The estimated weekly and daily intakes in the examined samples were below the FAO/WHO Guidelines limits. Meanwhile, Target Hazard Quotients (THQ) and Hazard Index (HI) were calculated to estimate the human health risk of Egyptian population. In this study, THQ and HI were more than 1 for Cd when compared with their reference dose (RfD) in poultry edibles from both Assiut and Qena. The study emphasizes the potential public health risk of Cd contamination from poultry consumption to the local inhabitants in Egypt.

Keywords | Health risk; Lead; Cadmium; Aluminum; Nickel, Poultry edibles