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Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Review Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 2 (2S): 46 - 54. Special Issue-2 (Advances in Diagnosis and Control of Infectious Diseases of Animals)
http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/journal.aavs/2014/2.2s.46.54
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Sanjay Kapoor1, Himanshu Sharma1*, Mahavir Singh1, Pankaj Kumar1, Koushlesh Ranjan2, Anuradha Kumari3, Richa Khirbat4
1Department of Veterinary Microbiology, LLR University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana, India, 125004; 2Department of Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India, 250110; 3 Department of Livestock Production Management, LLR University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana, India, 125004; 4Haryana Veterinary Vaccine Institute, Hisar, Haryana, India, 125001.
*Corresponding author: himshu2002@yahoo.co.in

ABSTRACT
Nine equine herpesviruses (EHV) have been known to infect equines. Equine herpesvirus type–1 (EHV1) is an important and ubiquitous viral pathogen of the horse and produces syndromes of respiratory disease, epidemic abortion and sporadic encephalomyelitis. This review article is focused on some aspects of EHV1 biology, its life cycle and pathogenicity in the natural host. Vaccination is one of the best options to fight EHV1 infection. Various strategies of vaccination that have been investigated and developed over the past decades will be presented in this review. Diagnosis is important to start specific treatment. The latest diagnostic techniques which were developed recently together with conventional will also be discussed.

Key Words: Equine herpesvirus, myeloencephalopathy, Equine Abortion, Latency