Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 9(10): 1616-1624
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Astuti Kusumorini1,2*, Ramadhani Eka Putra3, Ana Rochana1, Denny Rusmana1

1Faculty of Animal Science, Padjajaran University. Bandung-Sumedang Street 12km, Jatinangor, Sumedang 45363, West Java, Indonesia; 2Departmen of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, The State of Islamic University of Sunan Gunung Djati of Bandung. Bandung, Indonesia, 40611; 3School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi of Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia, 40132.

Abstract | In poultry industry, feed has been considered as the most important component in term of energy and cost which caused a huge burden for small-scale farmers. On the other hand, many industries produce significant number of organic wastes which could be utilize as substitute for poultry feed. In this study, broken kangkung seed (Ipomoea reptans Poir) (KS), a byproduct seed company, and its fermentation product (KSF) were applied as part of rations for quail (Coturnix-coturnix japonica) and the effect on the eggs production and quality were observed. The study was conducted with a completely randomized design method with 4 ration namely R1 (0% KS/KSF), R2 (7,5% KS/KSF), R3 (15% KS/KSF), and R4 (22,5% KS/KSF) and replicated 5 times (each replication consisted of 12 of 30-days old quails).The parameters observed were production performance: daily egg production (%), daily egg mass (grams), egg weight (grams), and egg quality: Haugh unit, shell thickness, shape index, albumen index, yolk index, and yolk color. The results showed KSF meal increased egg production around 37.35%, egg mass 5.94%, egg weight 5.40%, and decreased feed conversion 13.79%. Based on the mean value of each parameter, KS meal had a better effect on the yolk color, yolk index, and shape index while KSF meal increased the albumen index value, shell thickness, and haugh unit.

Keywords | Kangkong seeds, Fermentation, Egg quality, Egg production, Quail