Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Short Communication
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 9(3): 438-441
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Talita Franco Andrade1, Luíza Rodrigues Dale Vedove Moreno2, Felipe Franco Nascimento3, João Victor Goulart Consoni Passareli3, Vinícius dos Santos Rosa4, Thais Caroline da Silva Santos4, Rejane Batista Brinholi5, Silvia Franco Andrade6*

1Resident of Image of the Veterinary Hospital of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Unesp, Araçatuba, SP, Brazil; 2Resident of Image of Veterinary Hospital of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Oeste Paulista (UNOESTE), Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil; 3Post Graduate Program in Animal Science, University of Oeste Paulista (UNOESTE); 4Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, UNOESTE; 5Department of Image of Veterinary Hospital of UNOESTE; 6Department of Ophthalmology of Veterinary Hospital of UNOESTE.

Abstract | The objective was to perform ocular biometry and ophthalmic examination in dogs of the French Bulldog breed. We evaluated 72 normal eyes of 36 healthy French Bulldog dogs, 20 males and 16 females, aged from 1 to 7 years. Ocular ultrasound was performed in B mode with a 10 MHz linear probe, and the following parameters of ocular biometry were evaluated: horizontal axial diameter (HAD) of the eye, lens thickness (LT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and vitreous chamber depth (VCD). The ophthalmic exams performed were as follows: Schirmer Tear Test-1 (STT-1), rebound tonometry (Tonovet), Tear Film Break-up Time (TBUT), and Fluorescein Test (FT). The ocular biometry results (mean±SD) in millimeters were: 20.5 ± 0.6 (HAD), 3.8 ± 0.4 (ACL), 7.4 ± 0.3 (LT) and 9.4 ± 0.4 (VCL), and from the ophthalmic exams (mean±SD) were: 24 ± 3.7 (16.5-33.5) mm/min (STT-1), 20.0 ± 3.7 (13.5-27.0) mmHg (rebound tonometry), and 24.4 ± 6.3 (16-40) seconds (TBUT), and FT was negative in all dogs. The obtained results can serve as parameters of normal values ​​of ocular biometry and ophthalmic exams for ambulatory routines, intraocular surgeries, and future ophthalmic studies in this breed.

Keywords | Ocular ultrasound, Ocular biometry, Ophthalmic exams, French Bulldog, Dogs