Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 8(s2): 41-57
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Haithem Ali Mohamed Ahmed Farghali1*, Khaleifa Khalaf Ali2*, Ashraf Ali Eldesoky Shamaa1

1Department of Surgery, Anesthesiology and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt; 2Public Authority for Agriculture Affairs and Fish Resources, Kuwait City, Kuwait.

Abstract | Sheep and goats are a generational legacy in the State of Kuwait. So, this study was designed to record surgical affections in sheep and goats admitted to a referral hospital in Kuwait. From the obtained data, a total number of 658 small ruminants (385 sheep and 273 goats, representing 58.51% and 41.49% respectively) suffered from different surgical affections were admitted to the hospital from May/2017 to May/2020. The incidence of these affections varied in both species and different ages. The highest incidence was recorded in sheep aged 3 to 4 years old (27%) and in goats aged less than one-year-old (35.5%). Female affected animals (61.6%) were more recorded in both species than male ones (38.4%). Sixty surgical affections were recorded among sheep and goats (14 congenital and 46 acquired affections representing 17.9% and 82.1% respectively). Numerous surgical affections were recorded among sheep and goats in the state of Kuwait with the highest incidence of urogenital system affections in both species followed by udder and teat, digestive, integumentary, musculoskeletal, abdominal wall, eye, ear, and respiratory systems affections in sheep, while it followed by musculoskeletal, integumentary, udder and teat, digestive, eye, abdominal wall, ear, and respiratory systems affections in goats. Congenital anomalies are more prevalent in goats than sheep. Metabolic, nutritional, and infectious surgical conditions were more common in sheep, however traumatic affections more in goats. While sheep and goats share many surgical affections due to their anatomical and physiological similarities, there is a distinct nature of each species that makes some disorders more dominant in one species than the other.

Keywords | Surgical affections, Sheep, Goats, Abscess, Dystocia, Mastitis, Urethral obstruction, Kuwait