Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 8(11): 1120-1128
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Boopathi Gopalakrishnan1,2, Melkumaramangalam Palani Sugumaran1*, Kannan Balaji1, Maruthamuthu Thirunavukkarasu1, Veeraswamy Davamani1

1Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India; 2 ICAR- National Institute of Abiotic Stress Management, India.

Abstract | An epidemiological study was carried out through sero-surveillance to assess the tick disease outbreak in Thondamuthur block of Coimbatore district in Tamil Nadu, India. Blood samples were collected from cattle with severe tick infestation and other clinical symptoms for the screening of haemoparasites. Information regarding cattle breed, age, sex, tick species and meteorological data were gathered. The results revealed that the theileriosis incidence was higher (12.87%) compared to anaplasmosis (2.26%) and babesiosis (1.58%). Rhipicephalus microplus was observed to be dominant (51.69%) compared to Hyalomma anatolicum (48.31%), Haemaphysalis sp. (8.58%) and Amblyomma sp. (5.42%). Crossbred cattle were found to be more susceptible (96.39%) to tick infestation compared to native breeds (3.61%). Higher tick infestation was recorded in the monsoon season (38.60%) and higher tick diseases were observed in the summer season (23.19%). The results can provide an insight into the dynamics of tick disease outbreak in cattle as influenced by the changes in various biotic and abiotic factors.

Keywords | Cattle, Biotic influence, Seasonal factors, Tick diseases, Ticks