Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 8(10): 1068-1074
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Ngo Thi Kim Cuc*, Nguyen Cong Dinh, Ngo Thi Le Quyen, Ha Minh Tuan

National Institute of Animal Science, Vietnam.

Abstract | The objective of this study was to score the biosecurity status of pig and poultry production systems in Vietnam. The project surveyed 35 pig and 35 poultry farms, in Hanoi and Dong Nai provinces respectively, using the Biocheck.Ugent™ tool. The Biocheck.UGent tool comprises 109 pig and 79 poultry questions subdivided within breeds into the external biosecurity and the internal biosecurity question sets. External and internal biosecurity scores for pig farms were similar (53,56% and 55,05%, p>0.05). By contrast, for poultry farms, the external score was lower than the internal score (59,55% and 65,18%, , p<0.05). For the external biosecurity of pig farms, purchasing animals and semen scored highest, whereas entrance of personnel and visitors scored lowest. For the internal biosecurity of pig farms, disease management scored highest. For the external biosecurity of poultry farms, purchase of day-old chicks scored highest. For the internal biosecurity of poultry farms, supply of material and disease management scored highest whilst removal of manure and dead animals scored lowest. In conclusion, whilst there was some variation in scores between and within external or internal factors for the pig and poultry farms surveyed, relatively low scores throughout the study indicate opportunities for improvement in all factors considered.

Keywords | Internal biosecurity, External biosecurity, Pig farm, Poultry farm, Biocheck tool