Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 8(8): 804-812
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Md. Abu Sayeed1*, Brishty Islam1, Nurun Nahar1, Md Saiful Bari2, Shaharin Sultana3, Shamsul Arfin4, Prodip Kumar Haldar1, Ariful Islam5,6

1Department of Medicine, Jhenaidah Government Veterinary College, Jhenaidah-7300, Bangladesh; 2Department of Dairy and Poultry Science, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chattogram-4225, Bangladesh; 3Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Jhenaidah Government Veterinary College, Jhenaidah-7300, Bangladesh; 4Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh; 5Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Life and Environmental Science, Deakin University, Australia; 6Eco Health Alliance, USA.

Abstract | A descriptive epidemiological study has been conducted using hospital database of Teaching Veterinary Hospital (TVH) at Jhenaidah Government Veterinary College (JGVC) from July 2018 to June 2019. The study aimed to estimate the proportionate prevalence of different livestock and poultry diseases along with their spatiotemporal distribution and drug prescribing pattern. A total of 960 clinical cases were recorded during the study period. Ectoparasitic cases were proportionately higher in cattle (25.2%), whereas Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) cases were more frequent in goat (53.4%). The proportionate prevalence of other cases in cattle was Fascioliasis (14.3%), Myiasis (11.2%) and Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) (7.2%). The proportionate prevalence of other cases in goats were vitamin and mineral deficiency (12.3%), bloat (5.2%), abscess (4.7%), and dog bite (1.2%). Again, the proportionate prevalence of poultry diseases were Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) (41.2%), salmonellosis (33.4%), fowl cholera (13.7%) and pox (7.8%). Most of the cattle cases were highly prevalent during the summer season except fascioliasis. In goat, PPR was predominated in the rainy season whereas myiasis was in the winter. Around 92% of disease cases were spatially located within the 2.5 km radius of the TVH of JGVC where only 0.9% of disease cases came from >10km away from TVH of JGVC. Simple linear regression identified a significant relation (P=0.01) with the distance and number of diseased animals came to the hospital. Antimicrobials belonging to β-Lactam group were most frequently prescribed for both poultry (48.6%) and cattle (32.5%) followed by goat (9.2%), however sulfar drugs (34.8%) were commonly prescribed for goat cases. This type of study is very novel in Jhenaidah region of Bangladesh that might contribute to the researchers for further investigation.

Keywords | Proportionate prevalence, Spatial distribution, Antibiotics, Supportive therapy, Jhenaidah