Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 8(7): 766-770
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Asim Faraz1*, Abdul Waheed1, Nasir Ali Tauqir2, Riaz Hussain Mirza1, Hafiz Muhammad Ishaq1, Muhammad Shahid Nabeel3

1Department of Livestock and Poultry Production, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan; 2Department of Animal Science, University of Sargodha, Pakistan; 3Camel Breeding and Research Station Rakh Mahni, Livestock and Dairy Development Department, Punjab, Pakistan.

Abstract | Camel milk (CaM) have therapeutic characteristics with fortified nutritive values and is well known for these peculiar features. The fat portion in camel milk is properly emulsified with very fine globules and doesn’t form a typical layer over surface. The fat is present in evenly distributed small micelles throughout the milk. CaM has very handsome share of protein and lactose percentage which is well tolerant to humans and doesn’t cause lactose allergy. So, the CaM can easily be used in lactose intolerant cases. The SNF and solids of CaM are in almost same proportion as in cattle milk, so it is healthier enough. There are different antibodies, insulin, antioxidants and antimicrobial properties which gives special characteristic features to it. Thus; CaM is being used as remedial purposes in the treatment of many diseases and may also as quality aphrodisiac. It is enriched in α-lactalbumin and lacks protein β-lacto globulins and is healthier having ↑ proportion of C14-C18 fatty acids. With ample clue from the literature data; the current study was planned to investigate the milk and colostrum composition of Pakistani dromedary camel and to relate with the reported values by other scientists. The CaM samples were taken from Thal Desert in natural habitat. The milk fat, protein, lactose, solids-not-fat and total milk solids % were found to be 4.79, 3.56, 4.92, 9.09, 13.88 and 2.02, 4.4, 6.4, 11.78, 13.8 in regular milk and colostrum, respectively. The data obtained will be a useful addition to build the country’s database for future studies of this field.

Keywords | Camel, Milk, Composition, Desert, Pastoral