Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 8(6): 647-652
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Naser Abbasi1, Zahra Khalighi2, Zohre Eftekhari3, Mahmoud Bahmani1*

1Biotechnology and Medical Plants Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran; 2Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran; 3Quality Control Department, Research and Production Complex, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract | Eucalyptus globulus Labill. belongs to the Myrtaceae family, which extracted essential oils uses for medicinal, nutritional, and ornamental purposes. The present study conducted to extract the essential oil of Dehloran native eucalyptus leaf and recognize its biochemical components by the HS-SPME method. The eucalyptus leaf collected from Dehloran city, Ilam province, in October 2019. The leaves were dried for 72 hours at standard temperature and powdered. The essential oils and their volatiles extracted by solid-phase microextraction in the head space (HS-SPME) and their biochemical components analyzed by GC-MS. The final results revealed that the essential oil includes 43 composites that 1,8-cineol with 51.25% was the most important chemical composition of Eucalyptus leaves essential oil. Camphor (9.58%), borneol (7.63%), and camphene (3.77%) were the other most important compounds identified. The major identified compounds were bicyclic monoterpenes, aromatic terpenoids, cyclic ether, and terpenes. It concluded that Eucalyptus culture in Dehloran, with a high amount of 1, 8-cineol has high pharmaceutical and healthful value.

Keywords | Essential oil, Eucalyptus globulus Labill., 1, 8-cineol, HS-SPME, GC-MS