Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Review Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 7(s2): 154-162
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Mohamed E.M. Mohamed1, Heba A. Ahmed1*, Ahmed M. Erfan2, Lubna Abdelkarim1,3, Maysa A.I. Awadallah1

1Department of Zoonoses, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, 44511, Sharkia Governorate, Egypt; 2National Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control on Poultry Production, Animal Health Research Institute, Giza, Egypt; 3Aga District Veterinary Hospital, Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt.

Abstract | Endemicity of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 and LPAI H9N2 viruses in Egypt represents a threat to animals and humans. Moreover, introduction of HPAI H5N8 virus into Egypt through migratory birds during late 2016 increased the challenge. A novel non distributing H5N2 reassortant was recently detected in domestic ducks in winter 2018. The co-circulation of these subtypes and their zoonotic importance make Egypt a hotspot for the generation of new subtypes of the virus. Occasionally, humans are infected with H5N1 subtype leading to high mortalities; however, no human to human transmission has been reported. Here we review the status of AIV in Egypt from 2006 to 2019 and the mode of transmission of the virus in relation to its zoonotic implications.

Keywords | Egypt, HPAI, LPAI, Zoonoses