Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Review Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 7(s2): 129-136
View Full HTML
Download PDF

Ahmed M. Ammar1, Norhan K. Abd El-Aziz1*, Attia A. Elgdawy2, Mona S. Emara3, Mona M. Hamdy1

1Microbiology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt; 2Bacteriology Department, Animal Health Research Institute, Dokki, Giza, Egypt; 3Bacteriology Department, Animal Health Research Institute, Zagazig, Sharkia, Egypt.

Abstract | Campylobacter is one of the major cause of bacterial foodborne diarrheal disease all over the world. Different typing methods are used to differentiate between the bacteria at both species and subspecies levels and to identify the pathogenic microorganisms, as Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) and Campylobacter coli (C. coli). During the past few decades, an increasing number of Campylobacter species (spp.) have developed resistance to fluoroquinolones and other antimicrobial agents like aminoglycosides, macrolides and beta-lactams. Herein, we discussed in details the genotypic techniques used for typing of C. jejuni. Moreover, the emergence of resistance of C. jejuni to the antimicrobial agents and their mechanisms of action were fully illustrated.

Keywords | Genotyping, C. jejuni, Campylobacteriosis, Antimicrobial resistance