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Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 7(s1): 88-93
Http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.aavs/2019/7.s1.88.93
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Oleg Romanovich Skubko*, Olga Nikolaevna Shushakova, Gennadij Alekseevich Khonin

Federal State-Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Omsk State Agrarian University named.after. P.A. Stolypin”, Institute Square, 1, Omsk, 644008, Russia

Abstract | The anatomically and topographically inaccurate and functionally unsubstantiated surgical approaches result in a decreased efficiency of the block as a treatment method and high probability of excessive injury to the animal. This paper is aimed at developing a morphologically substantiated and clinically efficient surgical approach for performing intraoperative block of the pelvic plexus in domestic dogs and cats. The work was performed at the morphological laboratory and the university clinic of the Omsk State Agricultural University using light-optic and histological methods, macro- and micro-slicing according to V. P. Vorobyov, by clinical study and determination of general and biochemical parameters of the blood in the animals from the experimental and reference groups before surgery and 14 days after it. As a result of the studies, it has been found that manual and visual monitoring of needle position, direction, and depth of puncturing at any moment of injection ensures the utmost noninvasiveness of the surgical approach proposed for making the block during a surgical approach. This ensures punctate unilateral effect immediately on the nerves in the rectal and the urocystic-reproductive departments of the pelvic plexus for anesthetization and pathogenetic treatment of the rectum, the bladder, the caudal part of the uterine horns, uterine body, and uterine neck, thus increasing the mobility of the organs in the pelvic cavity during their evacuation into the incision lumen. Thus, the clinical result of the proposed block lies in increasing the anatomic nature, the pathogenic effect, the noninvasive nature of the method, and in reducing the toxicity during surgery.

Keywords | Operational access, Intraoperative block, Pelvic plexus, Rectum, Uterine, Urinary bladder, Anesthesia, Pathogenic treatment, Domestic dog, Domestic cat