Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 7(s2): 51-56
View Full HTML
Download PDF

Azza S. El-Demerdash1* and Mona T. Raslan2

1Animal Health Research Institute, Zagazig, Egypt; 2Animal Health Research Institute, Dokki, Egypt

Abstract | Listeriosis is classified as the third main cause of food-borne diseases and it is one of the significant bacterial zoonotic infections causing high fatality rates worldwide. The aim of this research was to isolate and characterize Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) from different food items in Sharkia Province, Egypt. A total of 200 food samples were collected aseptically from local markets and subjected to the phenotypic and genotypic characterization of L. monocytogenes. Listeria species were isolated from 28 (56%), 9 (18%), 3 (6%) and 5 (10%) of the minced meat, poultry meat, tilapia fish, and raw milk samples, respectively. Overall, L. monocytogenes were isolated from 12 and 8 samples from urban and rural areas with percentages of 6 and 4%, respectively. Of interest, inlA, actA, prfA, and hlyA virulence genes were detected in all 20 L. monocytogenes isolates by multiplex PCR. In conclusion, L. monocytogenes is an organism of public health implications, and its recovery from the food samples sold at retail outlets indicates a breach of quality assurance.

Keywords | L. monocytogenes, Food, Multiplex PCR, Virulence genes