Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 7(10): 866-875
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Moh Zali

University of Madura, Pamekasan, Indonesia.

Abstract | The article analyses the potential value of local livestock breeds with the aim of analysing useful elements to both conserve and attribute value to them. This study uses the integrated rural development approach. This study identifies that maintaining a continuous supply of beef cattle stock have already become serious attention and problem in both developed and developing countries. Such situations also cannot be separated from the current situation in Indonesia. This is because the availability of adequate livestock populations are under uncertainty. This study empirically finds that in Kalimantan, the livestock population can continue to increase if there are serious efforts for an increase in the number of births of livestock, controlled mortality of livestock, and reduced cutting of productive female cattle. This is true statement that the continuity of meat supply is generally related to the number and the production level of beef cattle. Therefore, it requires a form of sustainable animal husbandry development to increase the production and productivity of livestock. This study proposes factors associated with stimulating higher productivity for cattle ranching intensification. Those are developed from an empirical study in which Kalimantan are taken as case study. This study suggests that an increased beef consumption which is under the subsidy can be addressed if government of Indonesia carefully consider a complex interplay of cultural and socio-economic factors. This study also identifies that volumes of livestock slaughtered; animal husbandry farmers’ terms of trade; livestock products consumption; meat production have considerable effects on cattle population such as, beef cattle; dairy cattle; buffalo; horse in Kalimantan Island. In general, we found that the long-term interests of socio-economic and environmental factors become a broad range of significant issues affecting farmers, local government and the community in Kalimantan Island.

Keywords | Local livestock breeds, Livestock populations, Cattle ranching intensification, Production and productivity of livestock