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Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 7(8): 629-633
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Abdelaziz Amayour1,3*, Zakaria El Alaoui1,4, Kamal Brik1, Taoufik Hassouni2, Driss Lamri², Khadija El Kharrim1, Driss Belghyti1

1Laboratory of Agro-Physiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality, Faculty of Sciences, University Ibn Tofail, B.P. 133 P. O. Box 14000, Kenitra, Morocco; 2Team of Biology and Pedagogical Innovation, Regional Center of Education and Training, Meknes, Morocco; 3Hunting office of the Provincial Directorate of Water and Forests and the fight against desertification in Meknes El Hajeb, Morocco; 4Ain Defali health center, Sidi Kacem Province, Morocco.

Abstract |”Objective: the aim of this study was to determine the helminth fauna of wild boars living in forests and cultivate lands in El Hajeb province in Morocco. Materials and Methods: From October 2014 to March 2015 the body cavity was opened, and the digestive tract removed. The oesophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, and lungs were opened and separately examined for helminths under a microscope (×10, ×40 or ×100 magnification). Results: Thirty three wild boars collected from two areas in the province of El Hajeb, were examined for digestive and respiratory helminth parasites. The overall prevalence of helminths fauna was 100% Helminth species and their prevalence species were Metastrongylus Pedondotectus (85%), followed by Macrcantronchyrus Hirudinaceus (82%), Metastrongylus Confusus (79%) and finally Metastrongylus Salmi (51%). Prevalence and infection intensity were greater in young animals than in older animals. There were no significant differences in prevalence between sexes groups (P>0.05). Prevalence of infection was higher in forest areas compared to cultivate areas. Conclusion: it’s the first study made in Morocco about helminth fauna of wild boars, further studies are needed to investigate more the diversity of this parasite fauna.

Keywords | Helminths, Sus scrofabarbarus, Wild boar, Morocco.