Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Case Report
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 7(6): 503-507
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Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse1, 2, 3*, Eric Lim Teik Chung1, 4, Yusuf Abba5, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila2, Siti Nor Aishah2, 3, Syahirah Affandi2,3, Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus6, Innocent Damudu Peter2, 5, Idris Umar Hambali5

1Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 3University Veterinary Hospital (UVH), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 4Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 5Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B 1069 Maiduguri, Borno Nigeria; 6Research Unit, Microbial Food Safety and Antimicrobial resistance, Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, 10330 Pathumwan Bangkok, Thailand.

Abstract | This case report describes the clinical management and pathology findings of a case of severe chronic Haemonchus contortus infection in a goat. An adult male Jamnapari goat weighing 40kg was presented with the primary complaint of depression and recurrent diarrhea. Physical examination findings revealed the buck was emaciated with a poor body score of 1 out of 5, dull and depressed, severe pale mucous membrane with the FAMACHA score of 5, and greenish faecal stain at the perineal region of the buck. Diagnostic and laboratory findings revealed that the buck had 3400 epg count which was significant value for Haemonchus contortus infection, PCV of 9%, blood analyses revealed anaemia and hypoalbuminemia. The case was managed medically with instituting blood transfusion, anthelmintic, antidiarrheal, iron supplement,and NSAIDs. Post-treatment progress showed the condition of the buck was not improving. The buck was euthanized and post mortem was conducted. Gross post mortem findings of this case were thickening of the wall of abomasum indicates due to severe and chronic infection by Haemonchus contortus, presence of frothy exudates at thoracic inlet, airways and lung parenchyma indicates pulmonary oedema due to hypoalbuminemia, and hepatomegaly together with loss of subcutaneous and visceral organs fat were observed in this case may due to the chronic malnutrition and Haemonchus contortus infection. Therefore the cause of death of this buck, in this case, was due to respiratory and circulatory system failure because of pulmonary oedema and hypoxia as a result of hypoalbuminemia and anaemia caused by severe Haemonchus contortus infection and malnutrition.

Keywords | Veterinary, Haemonchus contortus, Clinical Management, Pathology Findings, Goat.