Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Short Communication
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 1 (5): 161 - 163
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Devan Arora*, Suresh Kumar, Davinder Singh, Naresh Jindal, Nand Kishore Mahajan
Department of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology LLR University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar – 125 004, Haryana, India.
*Corresponding author: devanarora7@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
In the present study, a total of 150 samples were collected from broiler birds suspected of fowl typhoid from different parts of Haryana state, India. Isolation of the causative pathogen was done and subsequently the obtained isolates were characterized biochemically and for culture characteristics. Serotyping and antibiotic sensitivity pattern was also drawn. Results revealed that 126 (84%) isolates were Salmonella Gallinarum, 15 (10%) were Salmonella Enteritidis, and 9 (6%) were Salmonella Typhimurium. Antibiograms of isolates revealed that most of the isolates were sensitive to gentamicin (76%) followed by amikacin (72%) and kanamycin (71%). Maximum resistance was obtained against Nalidixic acid (68.0%) followed by Carbenicillin (56%). All the isolates of S. Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis were 100% resistant against Nalidixic acid. The detection of S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium from fowl typhoid cases assumes significance from public health point of view and their emerging antibiotic resistance is also of major concern, for which effective prevention and control measures need to be carried out timely.

Key Words: Salmonella, Poultry, Serotyping, Antibiogram, Biochemical characteristics