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Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 7(4): 232-237
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Shariful Islam1,2, Jinnat Ferdous1,2, Md Kaisar Rahman1,2, Sazeda Akter3, Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan3, Ariful Islam2*

1Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Mohakhali, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh; 2EcoHealth Alliance, New York, USA; 3Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi, Chittagong–4225, Bangladesh.

Abstract | Hemato-biochemical parameters are essential aid for disease diagnosis. The study was conducted to assess hematological and serum biochemical profile, along with their reference interval, of apparently healthy dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) at sub-tropical condition of Bangladesh. Hematological and serum biochemical analyses were made on 52 camel in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. Hemoglobin (Hb), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), Total Erythrocyte Count (TEC), Total Leukocyte Count (TLC), neutrophil, eosinophil, basophil, monocyte, lymphocyte, glucose, Total Protein (TP), albumin, urea, Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Triglyceride (TG), and Aspartate Transaminase (AST) were determined by biochemical analyzer with their mean, median, range, standard error (SE) and 90% referrence interval (RI). The profile comparison were made between camel with good body condition score (BCS >3) and camel with poor BCS (<3); between adult (>3 year) and juvenile (<3 year); between male and female. The reference intervals showed wide variation in their range. Significant differences were observed in the level of Hb, PCV, ESR, neutrophil, eosinophil, basophil, glucose and TP based on BCS. Adult and juvenile was showing significant variation only in the level of eosinophil and ALT. Among all the parameters, ESR and urea level in male and in female camel were significantly different. The study provides a preliminary report on hematological and serum biochemical parameters of camel in Bangladesh. It is the basis for future reasearch on camel blood as well as helpful for practitioners to interpret and compare the test results.

Keywords | Bangladesh, Biochemical parameters, Camelus dromedarius, Dromedary camel, Hematology