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Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 7(2): 82-87
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Sura Safi Obayes Khafaji*, Thamer Kareem ALjanabi, Salam Merza Suhailaltaie

Department of Animal production, Agriculture College, Kerbala University, Iraq.

Abstract | The current work designed to explore the porpolis potential on some characters related with fertility in Iraqi local roosters. Thirty mature white local roosters, age between 27-28 weeks, randomly distributed into three groups (n=10). Treatment 1 (T1) group, control group, taken the standard diet during the research period (ten weeks), each rooster of treatment 2 & 3 (T2 & T3) received 0.25 & 0.5 g/day of propolis, respectively. At ten weeks ending, blood samples obtained from vein of wing to evaluate the levels of cholesterol, globulin, albumin, total protein, testosterone hormone, Interstitial cell – stimulating hormone (ICSH) and Follicle- stimulating Hormone (FSH) in serum. Roosters were euthanized and testes collected to determine their length, weight, width and height. Roosters of T2 and T3 groups’ showed a significant elevation in morphological measurements of testes compared to control group (T1) (P<0.05). In addition, the values of serum globulin, protein, testosterone hormone, ICSH and FSH raised significantly in T3 and T2 roosters compared to T1 group (P<0.05). We can conclude that the Iraqiporpolis plays a vital role in fertility efficiency because its ability to reduce oxidative stress and act as a phytoestrogens leading to improve the testicular size and weight, as well as, enhance the reproductive hormones in Iraqi local roosters.

Keywords | Propolis, Reproductive, Testosterone, Hormones, Poultry.