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Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 7(1): 24-29
Http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.aavs/2019/7.1.24.29
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Khenenou Tarek1,3*, Berghiche Amine1,3, Rahmoun Djalal Eddine1,2

1Institute of Agronomic and Veterinarian Sciences, University of Mohamed Cherif Messaâdia, Souk Ahras, Algeria; 2Laboratory of Animal Production, Biotechnology and Health, University of Mohamed Cherif Messaâdia, Souk Ahras, Algeria; 3Laboratory science and technic of living, Institute of Agronomic and Veterinarian Sciences, University of Mohamed Cherif Messaâdia, Souk Ahras, Algeria.

Abstract | Aim: The objective of this study is to compare the normal macro and microscopic appearance of the liver in two very different species, one is an omnivorous mammal; the wild boar and the other belongs to the family of poultry; broiler chicken from the region of Bouhmama (Khenchela). Materials and methods: Eight broilers (58 days of age) and eight wild boars were included in the experiment to obtain information about the morpho-histological appearances of liver in two species.Results: There is a big difference in the liver appearance between the two species, in the wild boar it is of firm consistency with a tiger aspect and divided into four lobes, whereas in the broiler, the liver is brown and sometimes pale during the first 10-14 days, so it was divided into two lobes. Concerning the liver parenchyma, we used the Russian LOMBO MBS-10 stereo microscope, our results showed that the liver parenchyma was well developed in wild boar than in broiler chickens whereas, in broiler chickens; an excessive development of the sinus; the latter were less developed in the wild boar. Conclusion: The macroscopic observation showed a marked difference in liver between the two species. The microscopic examination of liver showed that the parenchyma is less pronounced in broilers while the sinuses were highly developed in the wild boar.

Keywords | Broiler chicken, Liver, Macro and microscopic appearances, Wild boar, Algeria.