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Research Journal for Veterinary Practitioners

Case Report
Res. J. Vet. Pract. 5(3): 28-33
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Muhammad Sahidur Rahman1*, Saroj Kumar Yadav1, Tanjilla Hasan1, Avijit Dutta1, Sharmin Chowdhury1, Sudeb Sarkar2

1Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Bangladesh; 2Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi, Chit­tagong-4202, Bangladesh.

Abstract | The study was conducted to evaluate the occurrence of different diseases and disorders in pet dogs visited at SAQ teaching veterinary hospital at Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU) during the two years period from July 2013 to June 2015. A total of 835 case sheets of dogs were recorded according to year the total dog in 2013, 382 in 2014 and 252 the year 2015.In regards to month, the highest number of dog was visited during January & the lowest were in October. Among different breeds highest percent were local breeds 22%, followed by cross breeds 15%. Different foreign breeds were Shephard 8%, Spitz 4%, Samoyed 3%, Lassa 1%, & Labrador 1%. All these cases were not diseased animals, some were healthy just came for vaccination and regular check up. Among diseased cases, the highest occurrence was observed of parasitic problems (both ectoparasites and endoparasites combined 163 cases). Individually, ectoparasitic problems were higher than these of endoparasites. A total number of cases with wounds was 43 where dog bite wound were 23. A wide variety of viral and Bacterial diseases and a mixture of infections, surgical cases were castration, spaying (Hysterectomy), fractures and Healthy cases were check up and vaccination of dogs. Individually highest occurrences were recorded for myiasis, total 39 cases. The occurrence of myiasis was analyzed on the basis of sex, year, season, population, de-worming and vaccination to identify the responsible factors. Occurrences found higher in summer and year 2014 with significant P-value (P ≤ 0.05) but in myiasis the relation of sex, de-worming and vaccination were not significant (P > 0.05). The high frequencies of parasitic problems suggest a poor husbandry practice of pets in Chittagong city and it gives a hint that the risk of zoonotic infection through canine intestinal parasites may be high in Bangladesh. In considering this study, an appropriate control strategy should be designed and applied to prevent these diseases and/or conditions in pet dogs and to protect the public health from zoonosis.

Keywords | Occurrence, Myiasis, Dog, risk factors, Zoonosis