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Research Journal for Veterinary Practitioners

Review Article
Res. j. vet. pract. 1 (3): 23 - 30
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Bashir Ahmed Moulvi, Jalal-ud-Din Parrah, Hakim Athar, Mohammad Moin Ansari*, Qayem Khan
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and animal Husbandry, Division of Veterinary Surgery & Radiology Shuhama, Alastaing, Srinagar-190006, J&K, India
*Corresponding author: drmoin7862003@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The urinary system requires special attention for the expected increase in urinary problems associated with old age and due to its close association with genital organs. Excretory urography is indicated for a number of urogenital affections including colic, renal mass, renal haematoma, uroliths, trauma to the urinary tract, ureteral diseases, bladder affections like, congenital neurogenic bladder, postoperative urinary tract procedures etc. Excretory urography remains the first choice for the diagnosis of these affections, as it could not be replaced by the recently invented diagnostic techniques like ultrasonography. Excretory urography is considered better than ultrasonography because former technique unlike latter is considered a fairly accurate barometer of a total and relative function of the kidneys. Initial intravenous pyelography (IVP) has been modified by infusing large volumes of diluted contrast material over a prolonged period of time called Drip Infusion Pyelography (DIP) to avoid the use of abdominal compression and to make possible emergency urography without patient preparation. In order to comprehend the diagnostic utility of excretory urography all its aspects like patient preparation, dose and speed of injection of contrast medium, timing of post injection radiography besides brief history of radiology and contrast media are reviewed in this article.

Key Words: Contrast medium, Drip infusion pyelography, Intravenous pyelography, Radiography, Urinary tract.