Research Journal for Veterinary Practitioners

Case Report
Res. J. Vet. Pract. 4(2): 34-38
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Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse1*, Eric Lim Teik Chung1, Siti Nadhirah Latif1, Yusuf Abba2, Abdulnasir Tijjani1, Muhammad Abubakar Sadiq1, Konto Mohammed1, Lawan Adamu3, Idris Umar Hambali1, Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus2, Annas Salleh2, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila2, Abdul Wahid Haron1, Abdul Aziz Saharee1

1Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 3Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, PMB1069, Borno State, Nigeria.

Abstract | This case reports the clinical management of enteritic collibacillosis in a doe due to E. coli infection. An adult Jamnapari doe weighing 50kg was presented with a primary complaint of inappetance and weakness. The doe was weak, and on sternal recumbency when presented to the University Veterinary Hospital, Universiti Putra Malaysia. Physical examination findings showed pyrexia at 41.0°C, 5% dehydration, capillary refill time of more than 2 seconds, presence of light brown pasty fecal staining around the perineum region and well-formed feces covered with orange mucoid discharge. Bacteriology isolation and identification revealed E. coli from the fecal samples. Therefore, based on the physical examination findings and laboratory result, the case was diagnosed as enteric colibacillosis. The doe was treated promptly and vigorously with fluids, antibiotic, non-steriodal anti-inflammatory drug, and supplement for enteric colibacillosis. However, the doe was euthanized after 4 days of post hospitalization due to poor prognosis. Gross post mortem findings include presence of transparent thinning of the small and large intestinal wall indicative of necrotizing intestinal layer; and petechial haemorrhages in the mucosa of both the small and large intestines. Histopathological findings in the small and large intestine showed infiltrations of inflammatory cells in the submucosa, loss of architecture in the Crypt of Lieberkuhn and necrosis of the Brunner’s’ glands. Both gross and microscopic pathological findings were suggestive of bacterial enteritis. Prompt diagnosis of cases of bacterial enteritis is paramount in order to avoid economic losses associated with the disease. 

Keywords | Enteric colibacillosis, doe, clinical management, gross pathology, histopathology