Research Journal for Veterinary Practitioners

Case Report
Res. J. Vet. Pract. 4(2): 30-33
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Saritha Gungi*, Gurram Sreeramamurthy Haritha, Karumuri Nalini Kumari

Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Science, SVVU, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Abstract | Babesiosis is a tick-transmitted disease caused by protozoans of the genus Babesia and it is characterized by haemolytic anemia and fever, with occasional hemoglobinuria and death. In the present study 4 cross bred cows aged between 4-6 years were presented to the college hospital with the history of fever, anorexia, passing coffee coloured urine, reduced milk yield, depression and reluctance to move. Examination of the blood smears confirmed the Babesia spp. in all the cows. Microscopy detection methods are still the cheapest and fastest methods used to identify Babesia parasites although their sensitivity and specificity are limited. Haematological studies revealed reduced Hb, PCV and TEC. Serum chemistry revealed hyperglycemia, hyperbilirubinemia, BUN, AST and hypoprotienemia. Urine was positive for haemoglobin, glucose and bile pigments. Three cows were treated successfully with diminazene aceturate (Berenil) at 3 mg/kg body weight, together with supportive therapy. Whereas, one cow died due to severe anemia. 

Keywords | Haemoglibinuria, Cattle, Anemia, Jaundice, BUN