Research Journal for Veterinary Practitioners

Research Article
Res. j. vet. pract. 3 (3): 53 - 57
http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/journal.rjvp/2015/3.3.53.57
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Asmaa Ghafer Hussin1, Jenan Mahmood Khalaf1, Haider Mohammed Ali2

1Department of Zoonotic Unit; 2Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Baghdad, Iraq.

*Correspondence | Asmaa Ghafer Hussin, University of Baghdad, Iraq; Email: asmaaghafer5@gmail.com

Abstract
The study aimed to investigate the existence of intestinal protozoa in feces of the camels and their breeders in Najef province, Iraq because this province is having a large number of camels. One hundred fecal samples were collected from camels (33 males and 67 females) aged between >3 to 6≤ year and 25 fecal samples were collected from camels breeders (14 males and 11 females) aged between >30 to 60 years during November 2014 to May 2015. Samples were examined through direct wet smear and Lugal’s iodine for cycts or trophzoite of Giardia spp. and Entameba spp. while modified Ziehl–Neelsen staining technique for oocycts of Cryptosporidium spp. The results showed that the infection rates of Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia spp. and Entameba spp. in camels were 61%, 24%, and 20%, respectively. The corresponding infection rates in camel-breeders were 56%, 20%, and (16%), respectively. It can be concluded that the high prevalence values of the intestinal protozoa were detected in camels and camel-breeders. The prevalence values seems to be parallel between camels and camel-breeders who are mainly in touch with camels. This could be an evidence of the association of infection between camels and camel-breeders.

Keywords | Intestinal protozoa, Camels, Camel-breeders, Najef

Editor | Muhammad Abubakar, National Veterinary Laboratories, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Received | June 14, 2015; Revised | July 02, 2015; Accepted | July 03, 2015; Published | July 06, 2015

Citation | Hussin AG, Khalaf JM, Ali HM (2015). Detection of intestinal protozoa in camels and their breeders in Najef, Iraq. Res. J. Vet. Pract. 3(3): 53-57.
ISSN | 2308-2798

Copyright © 2015 Hussin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.