Research Journal for Veterinary Practitioners

Research Article
Res. j. vet. pract. 3 (2): 33 - 35
http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/journal.rjvp/2015/3.2.33.35
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Hajarah Uwale Buhari1*, Shehu Naallah Alhaji Saidu2, Garba Mohammed3, Mashood Abiola Raji4

1Samaru College of Agriculture, Division of Agricultural Colleges; 2Department of Veterinary Medicine; 3Veterinary Teaching Hospital; 4Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

*Correspondence | Hajarah Uwale Buhari, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria; Email: buharihajarah@gmail.com

Abstract
In view of the socio-economic and cultural roles played by cow milk in Nigeria, a study was carried out to determine the status of bovine brucellosis in the North Senatorial District of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Six Local Government Areas (LGAs) from the North Senatorial District of Kaduna State were selected for the study. A total of 202 milk samples from apparently healthy lactating cows were collected and subjected to the Milk Ring Test (MRT) between the Months of July, 2013 and January, 2014. From the 202 samples subjected to the MRT, 77 (38.1%) were positive while 125 (61.9%) tested negative. The highest prevalence was obtained from Kubau LGA (54.8%) while the least prevalence of 20.0% each was obtained from Ikara and Makarfi LGAs respectively. There was, however, no statistical significant difference in the prevalence rates between LGAs. The high prevalence of Brucella antibodies in the milk of sampled cattle indicates the great public health risk posed to humans in the study area to infection with Brucella spp. Stake holders in the livestock sector should be educated on the public health implication of the disease in other animal species and humans.

Keywords | Brucella, Brucellosis, Milk Ring Test, Antibodies, Cows