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Research Journal for Veterinary Practitioners

Research Article
Res. j. vet. pract. 2 (1): 13 - 16
http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/journal.rjvp/2014/2.1.13.16
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Md. Ahaduzzaman1, Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan*1, Mahabub Alam1, SKM Azizul Islam1, Inkeyas Uddin2
*1Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi, Chittagong–4225, Bangladesh; 2Poultry Research and Training centre, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi, Chittagong–4225, Bangladesh
*Corresponding author: miladhasan@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
Effluents from hospitals and slaughterhouses are alarming threat for clinician to treat the patient with antibiotics due to harboring resistance bacteria. The study was undertaken to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance pattern against Staphylococcus aureus in hospital and slaughterhouse effluents. Staphylococcus aureus from six medical hospitals, five veterinary hospitals and five slaughter houses were isolated by using different methods. This Staphylococcus aureus isolates was used to find out the antibiotic resistance pattern by using disc diffusion method. The antibiotic resistance patterns of identified isolates showed that Amoxicillin, Cefradin, Colistin, Cefalexin, Oxytetracycline and Pefloxacin were 100% resistance to hospitals and slaughterhouses isolates (except colistin 75% in slaughterhouse), and Enrofloxacin were 80%, 50%, 75%; Gentamicin were 40%, 50%, 50%; Kanamycin were 40%, 50%, 75% and Neomycin were 40%, 50% and 25% respectively, resistance to medical hospitals, veterinary hospitals and slaughterhouses isolates. Results indicated that hospitals and slaughter houses waste effluent has multiple–antibiotic resistance Staphylococcus aureus. Based on this study, some efforts have to be taken to reduce the possibility of resistant bacteria entering into and spread in the environments for securing possible public health threat.

Key Words: Antimicrobial, Effluents, Hospital, Resistance, Slaughterhouse, Staphylococcus aureus