Research Journal for Veterinary Practitioners

Research Article
Res. j. vet. pract. 2 (1): 9 - 12
http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/journal.rjvp/2014/2.1.9.12
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Mahmoud Hamouda1, Fahad Al–hizab1, Taha Fouda2, Mahmoud Fayez3
1Department of Pathology; 2Department of Clinical Studies, College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Resources, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia; 3Veterinary Serum and Vaccine Research Institute, Anaerobic Department, Cairo, Egypt
*Corresponding author: mhamouda@kfu.edu.sa

ABSTRACT
Clostridium perfringens produces enteric diseases in cattle, sheep and goats. The microorganism can be a normal inhabitant of the intestine of most animals and human. A total of 8 calves aged between 8 to 11 month suffering from colic, and dark clotted blood in the faeces (melena) proceeded with death. The main postmortem findings were observed as massive hemorrhage and clot formation within the small intestine as well as abomasal ulcerations. Histologically, the abomasal mucosa was sloughed and the intestinal villi appeared necrotic along with a characteristic submucosal oedema. The bacterial culture and toxin detection showed presence of Clostridium perfringens type A. There were no other potential microorganisms or aflatoxins have been identified.

Key Words: Calves, Clostridium perfringens type A, Abomasum ulcer