Research Journal for Veterinary Practitioners

Research Article
Res J. Vet. Pract. 8(1): 4-10.
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Md. Abdus Samad1, Prodip Kumar Haldar1, Amith Kumar Dash2, Shaharin Sultana3, Shamsul Arfin4, Md Saiful Bari5, Md. Abu Sayeed1*

1Department of Medicine, Jhenaidah Government Veterinary College, Jhenaidah-7300, Bangladesh; 2Department of Animal Science and Nutrition, Jhenaidah Government Veterinary College, Jhenaidah-7300, Bangladesh; 3Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Jhenaidah Government Veterinary College, Jhenaidah-7300, Bangladesh; 4Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh; 5Department of Dairy and Poultry Science, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chattogram-4225, Bangladesh.

Abstract | Information from Veterinary hospitals are reliable sources to assess different animal diseases along with their prescribing patterns. The present cross-sectional study has revealed the proportionate prevalence of food animal diseases and drug prescribing patterns practiced at four veterinary hospitals of Jhenaidah from February, 2019 to April, 2019. A total of 881 clinical case (435 cattle and 446 goat) records were evaluated systematically during the study period. The clinical cases were divided into medicinal, surgical and gynaecological category. Medicinal cases were in the highest percentage (88.8%) followed by surgical (7.2%) and gynaecological cases (4.1%). The highest proportionate prevalence of clinical cases in cattle was ectoparasite infestation (23.9%), followed by navel ill (1.8%) and infertility (0.9%), but non-specific fever (19.3%) was the highest followed by castration (5.3%) and dystocia (4.0%) were diagnosed in goat. At the same time the lowest proportionate prevalence in cattle was arthritis (0.4%), wound (0.1%) and retained placenta (0.4%), whereas in goat was acidosis (0.4%), atresia ani (0.1%) and pyometra (0.1%). To treat animal diseases, antimicrobials were the most often prescribed drugs (56.2%) followed by anthelmintic (26.6%) and nutritional supplements (5.3%). Sulpha drugs were the most commonly prescribed antimicrobials (29.3%), followed by combined preparation of β-lactamase and aminoglycosides (23.2%), whereas quinolones were less frequently prescribed against animal diseases (4.0%). This investigation might help to design control measures for the prevalent diseases and to develop a better prescribing pattern against animal diseases ensuring optimum production, food security and human health.

Keywords | Proportionate prevalence; UVH; antimicrobials; Drugs; Cattle