Research Journal for Veterinary Practitioners

Research Article
Res. j. vet. pract. 1 (4): 43 - 45
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Mohd. Iqbal Yatoo1, Archana Saxena2, Ricky Jhambh1, Showkat Ul Nabi1, Deepa Padinjare Melepad1, Pankaj Kumar3, Umesh Dimri1, Mahesh Chander Sharma4
1Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institue, Izatnagar, Barielly, U.P.–243122; 2CSIR–CIMAP, Lucknow, UP– 226015; 3ICAR–RCER, Patna, Bihar– 800014; 4Indian Council of Agriculture Research, HQ New Delhi–110114
*Corresponding author: iqbalyatoo@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of trace mineral deficiency in sheep and goat in Kashmir valley. For this purpose fifty three blood samples from cross bred sheep and thirty five blood samples from cross bred goats were taken. The samples were analyzed for trace minerals by atomic absorption (AAS) spectrophotometer and prevalence was calculated. The average prevalence of copper deficiency in sheep and goat was observed to be 43.39% and 45.71%, respectively. Overall prevalence of iron deficiency in sheep and goat was 18.86% and 20.00%, respectively. Overall prevalence of zinc deficiency in sheep and goat was observed to be 33.93% and 40.00%, respectively. The average prevalence of cobalt deficiency in sheep and goat was observed to be 22.64% and 20.00%, respectively. Higher prevalence of copper followed by zinc, cobalt and iron deficiency was found in sheep and goat. From the present study it is clear that lower production and poor performance of sheep and goat in Kashmir valley may be attributed to the trace mineral deficiency. Hence supplementation with mineral supplements may be recommended.

Key Words: Goat; Kashmir; Prevalence; Sheep; Trace mineral.