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Research Journal for Veterinary Practitioners

Research Article
Res J. Vet. Pract. 7(3): 58-62
Http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.rjvp2019/7.3.58.62
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Obaidul Islam*, Md Mukter Hossain, Shameema Khatun, Mustasim Famous, Mohammad Misbah Uddin

Faculty of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet-3100.

Abstract | The research was performed to determine the diseases and disorders of cattle and to identify the associated risk factors in Dakshin Surma under Sylhet district. A total of 1000 clinical cases were diagnosed at Upazilla Veterinary Hospital, Dakshin Surma during March 2018 to February 2019. Disease diagnosis was made on the basis of owners’ statement, general examination, clinical signs, gross pathology and laboratory procedures. Data was analyzed to determine disease prevalence in cattle with respect to breed, sex and season. Diagnosed diseases were categorized as bacterial, viral, protozoan and other diseases. According to the results, the prevalence of bacterial diseases were highest (36.4%) followed by the viral diseases (24.4%), protozoan diseases (18.9%), and other diseases (20.03%). Female were more susceptible to diseases (52.9%) than male cattle (47.1%). Disease prevalence varied according to seasons. Highest prevalence was recorded in rainy season (27.6%) followed by autumn season (18.4%) and summer season (11.6%). Our large set of data on cattle disease prevalence provides valuable insight to design and implement priority based research on specific disease and to take efficient control strategies against the diseases.

Keywords | Dakshin Surma Upazilla, Bacterial diseases, Clinical case, Prevalence, Diseases