Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 6(7): 299-305
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Tareq Jaffer Al-Jindeel, Hussein Jabar Jasim*, Nawar Jasim Alsalih, Ali Mosa Rashid Al-Yasari

College of Veterinary Medicine, Al-Muthanna University, Iraq.

Abstract | The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical signs related to infected camels by C. titillator larvae and to determine prevalence and incidence of C.titillator larvae in the camels This study was conducted on 864 camels slaughtered at Al Muthanna abattoir during the period extended from 1st September 2015 to 30th August 2016. Fever, emaciation, loos of appetite loss, congestion of mucous membrane, enlargement of lymph nodes, nasal discharge, neurological signs, increase respiratory rate, frequent sneezing and snoring during breathing were the most common clinical signs of C. titillator infection. The numbers of infested camels by C. titillator larvae were 352(40.07%) out of 864. There were a relationship between the climatic conditions and the incidence of C. titillator larvae with a highest (89.02%) and lower (6.15%)percentages in January and July respectively. Additionally, the highest (70.1%) and the lowest(29.8%) infestation percentages were recorded in 4-7 years, and 8 months to 2 years old camels respectively. According to sex, infestation percentages were (56.6%) and (37.36%) for female and male respectively. This study was also showed variations in the mean concentrations of total protein (g/l), albumin, β-, γ-globulins between the infected and healthy camels. In conclusion, this study approved incidence of C. titillator infection in camelids with variation in the incidence that depend on the climate and age and sex of the animals recommend to do more studies in another provinces in Iraq to determine the epidemiological map of this parasites in camelids.

Keywords | Camels, Nasopharyngeal myiasis, Clinical, Epidemiology