Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Journal Policies and Statements


Human and Animal Research Ethic Statement

Any form of research submitted in the Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences involving humans and animals should fully respect principles of the 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement).

Briefly 3Rs are mentioned below, and more information can be accessed at:

Replacement: approaches which avoid or replace the use of animals
Reduction: approaches which minimise the number of animals used per experiment
Refinement: approaches which minimise animal suffering and improve welfare

As evidence, authors are required to provide local, national or international ethical approval statements in the Materials and Methods section (or text describing the experimental procedures) affirms all appropriate measures were taken. We require a traceable and unique reference number and the name of the ethical review board in the manuscript. In case, no formal ethics committee is available (applicable to only developing countries), the studies shall be sufficient compliance with the Helsinki Declaration as revised in 2008.

Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences follow ICMJE general Recommendationsfor the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly work in Medical Journals.

ICMJE recommendations are briefly provided below and can be accessed fully at the ICMJE website:

Consent from individual subject

Manuscripts presenting research on human subjects should provide “informed consent to participate” from participants. In case of children under 16, consent from parents or guardians shall be presented.

Consent from individual patient data

Consents might be required by the editor(s) of Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences on images or videos from participants in the study. Consent form must be made available to Editors on request, and will be treated confidentially.

Human Rights Statement

When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.

Animal Rights Statement

When reporting experiments on animals, authors should be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. Experimental research on vertebrates or any regulated invertebrates must comply with institutional, national, or international guidelines, and where available should have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee. A statement detailing compliance with guidelines and/or ethical approval must be included in the manuscript. For studies involving client-owned animals, authors must document informed client consent and adherence to a high standard (best practice) of veterinary care. Authors are encouraged to conform to the Animal Research: Reporting In Vivo Experiments (ARRIVE) guidelines for reporting animal studies. Field studies should be conducted in accordance with local legislation, and the manuscript should include a statement specifying the appropriate permissions and/or licences. We recommend that authors comply with the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention on the Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.