Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Short Communication
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 3 (4): 200 - 206
http://dx.doi.org/10.14737/journal.aavs/2015/3.4.200.206
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Jithin Mullakkalparambil Velayudhan*, Dighe Dhananjay Govind, Velhankar Rajendra Dattatray, Keskar Dattatray Venkatesh

Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, Ethics and Jurisprudence, Bombay Veterinary College, Parel, Mumbai-400012, India.

*Correspondence | Jithin Mullakkalparambil Velayudhan, Bombay Veterinary College, Parel, Mumbai, India; Email: mvjithin1988@gmail.com

Abstract
Iron is an essential mineral for all living organisms and is integral to multiple metabolic functions. The most important function being oxygen transport in haemoglobin. The use of serum iron profile as a routine parameter is limited for assessment of anaemia in dogs. The present study was carried out in anaemic dogs with hemoprotozoal infection (n=6) to observe the type of iron metabolism disturbance that occur.. The mean ± standard error (SE) of serum iron analysts [serum iron, serum total iron binding capacity (TIBC) and percent transferrin saturation (%TSAT)] were measured by calorimetric analyser to estimate the iron profile status in anaemic dogs. Statistical significant difference (P≤ 0 .05) was found between the serum iron parameter and non-significant difference between serum TIBC and %TSAT. The alteration in iron profile observed was similar to anaemia of inflammatory disease which also provided a conclusion regarding the therapeutic approach to be followed for the occurred iron metabolism disturbance.

Keywords | Anaemia, Serum iron, Serum total iron binding capacity, Percent transferrin saturation, Dogs