Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 9(11): 1951-1958
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Meherjan Islam1*, Shuvo Singha2, Joseph P. Belgrad3, F. M. Yasir Hasib4, Md. Abu Sayeed5,6, Md. Ershadul Haque7, Abdul Ahad8, Md. Ahasanul Hoque1

1Department of Medicine and Surgery, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chattogram-4225, Bangladesh; 2Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Milan, Italy; 3Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts, USA; 4Department of Pathology and Parasitology, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chattogram-4225, Bangladesh; 5EcoHealth Alliance, New York City, NY, USA; 6Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control and Research, Bangladesh; 7Department of Pharmacy, International Islamic University, Chattogram, Bangladesh; 8Department of Microbiology and Public Health, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chattogram-4225, Bangladesh.

Abstract | Poultry farming in South-East Asia has been rapidly progressing to meet the demands of population growth and reducing malnutrition. However, the diseases and the indiscriminate use of antibiotics in poultry threaten the industry posing public health risks. A clinico-epidemiological study was therefore conducted at the District Veterinary Hospital, Kishoreganj, Bangladesh during October-November 2019 to determine the overall disease prevalence, prescription patterns, and disease associated factors in different bird types. Data were obtained through interviews and inspections and then stored in MS Excel 2010. Data were coded, recorded, and checked for consistency before exporting to STATA-13 software for statistical analysis. ArcGIS Desktop Version 10.4.1 was used to produce a map showing geographical case distribution. In total, 552 cases (182 exotic broilers, 118 Sonali, and 252 exotic layers) were included during the study period. Visceral gout (42.4%), coccidiosis (49.2%), and colibacillosis (24.2%) were the most frequent disease in broiler, Sonali, and layers, respectively. The study also showed the single application of watch group antibiotics was the highest in broilers (88.3%), followed by Sonali (67.4%) and layers (56.5%). Doxycycline (72.7%) was the most common antibiotic for treating visceral gout in broilers, whereas ciprofloxacin was highly used in Sonali for infectious bursal disease (84.4%), and coccidiosis (58.6%) respectively, and tiamulin (6.4%) for salmonellosis in layers. This disease prevalence suggests poor farm hygiene and bio-security in the study areas. Special care should be taken around younger chickens’ as visceral gout and infectious bursal disease were the most common. Antibiotics should be used more judiciously to curb the growing multidrug resistance pattern among zoonotic bacteria.

Keywords | Chicken disease, Prevalence, Distribution, Antibiotic, Passive Surveillance