Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 9(9): 1362-1367
Http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.aavs/2021/9.9.1362.1367
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Vyrnjelle J A. Gonzaga1, Josephine R. Flores1, Elsa A. Gonzaga1*, Loveille Jun A. Gonzaga2

1College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Southern Mindanao, Kabacan, 9407 Cotabato, Philippines; 2Department of Chemistry, College of Science and Mathematics, University of Southern Mindanao, Kabacan, 9407 Cotabato, Philippines.

Abstract | The treatment and prevention of coccidiosis in goats is costly to backyard farmers. It is for this reason that the use of alternative medicinal plants to treat coccidiosis are explored. Thus, this study aimed to determine the anticoccidial activity of the ethanol extract of C. aromaticus leaves. A total of 20 naturally coccidia-infected goats at the University of Southern Mindanao Goat Project served as experimental animals for the study. In relation to this, three concentrations of Coleus aromaticus extract were tested for anticoccidial activity: 600, 800, and 1000 mg extract/kg bodyweight. The efficacies of these concentrations were determined and evaluated by comparing with a commercial coccidiostat, toltrazuril. It was found that 21 days post-treatment, the efficacies of the three extract concentrations were significant but was lower than toltrazuril. A significant difference (p = 0.0394) existed in the efficacies of the extracts among the treatments on day 21. The efficacy rate of administering 600 mg/kg extract (92.29%) was comparable to that of toltrazuril (96.65%) at 21 days post-treatment. This shows that the extract has the potential to be as effective as toltrazuril in reducing the oocyst per gram counts of naturally-infected goats.

Keywords | Coccidiosis, Coleus aromaticus, Ethanol extract, Goats, Toltrazuril