Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 9(9): 1334-1341
Http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.aavs/2021/9.9.1334.1341
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Alexander Ivanov*, Vacheslav Ignat`ev, Alfia Andreeva, Oksana Nikolaeva, Zuleykha Ilyasova

Department of Infectious Diseases, Zoohygiene and Veterinary Sanitary Inspection, Federal State Budgetary Educational Establishment of Higher Education “Bashkir State Agrarian University”, Ufa, Russian Federation.

Abstract | The article presents the study of the etiological factor of nonspecific andrological diseases of bulls in the Republic of Bashkortostan and changes in the morphological and biochemical composition of blood in these diseases. The influence of complex antibacterial therapy on the microbial landscape of the preputial cavity in the treatment of nonspecific andrological diseases is considered. The relationship between clinical signs, laboratory parameters of semen quality and biochemical and haematological blood parameters of animals before and after treatment is revealed. Treatment was performed using the following drugs: the first group was treated with Bicilin-3 (penicillins pharmacological group), Boflox (fluoroquinolones) was used to treat the second group of animals, and the third group was treated with Tetracycline hydrochloride (tetracyclines). The paper presents the results of the clinical examination of animals, the study of the reproductive system, the assessment of the degree of reflexes manifestation and the obtained sperm quality. The composition of the opportunistic pathogenic microflora of the preputial cavity of bulls with balanoposthitis and mixed andrological pathology (balanoposthitis, vesiculitis and prostatitis) was determined by the method of microbiological research. There is a significant decrease in the number of red blood cells, hematocrit and haemoglobin, while haemoglobin concentration in one red blood cell increases. The number of platelets increases significantly in comparison with clinically healthy animals. The animals were divided into groups according to the principle of pairs of analogues. Each drug was tested on animals with both balanoposthitis and mixed andrological pathology. Animals were isolated and kept in equal conditions. In the first group, the therapeutic efficacy was 25%, in the second – 100%, and in the third – 75%. Boflox showed high therapeutic effectiveness in treating all types of andrological pathology, including balanoposthitis and the adnexal sex glands inflammation. Tetracycline hydrochloride was also highly effective for treating balanoposthitis, but it was ineffective in mixed andrological pathology. Bicillin-3 showed low efficacy in both types of the pathological process. The results of the conducted therapeutic measures demonstrate the greatest effectiveness of Boflox, which belongs to the group of fluoroquinolones. Treated animals were studied, and opportunistic pathogenic microorganisms were not found.

Keywords | Staphylococcus sp., Enterobacteriaceae sp., Streptococcus sp., Balanoposthitis, Vesiculitis, Boflox