Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Research Article
Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci. 9(6): 845-855
Http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.aavs/2021/9.6.845.855
View Full HTML
Download PDF

Sabry A. Mousa1*, Enas Elmeligy2, Dalia Hassan3, Ahmed Hafez4, Fatma Ali5, Arafat Khalphallah6

1Department of Medicine and iInfectious disease, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, P.O. Box 12211, Giza, Egypt; 2Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut 71526, Egypt; 3Department of Animal & Poultry Hygiene and Environmental Sanitation, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut 71526, Egypt; 4Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aswan University, Aswan 81528, Egypt; 5Physiology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aswan University, Aswan 81528, Egypt; 6Department of Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut 71526, Egypt.

Abstract | The present article discussed the relationships between thyroidal hormonal changes, rumen functions and metabolism, serum biochemicals assays, electrolytes and blood pictures in sheep in Egypt either before or after potassium iodide (KI) adding to their rations through long term study extended for successive 65 days. The study was conducted on fattening Osimi sheep (n=19) with ages ranging between 6-11 months. Animals were supplied with KI salts dissolved in distilled water in the morning with a dose of 0.15 mg/kg in addition to 0.093 mg iodine /kg DM/day for successive 65 days. The examined sheep were undergoing thorough investigations included clinically, laboratory, rumen functions and body gain estimation according to the following schedule; zero, 15th, 30th and 65th days. The study reported significant changes in rumen metabolic functions through the remarkable improvement in each of the protozoal ciliate density and TVFAs, and reduced ruminal ammonia as well as maintaining normal pH. Most of blood picture indices showed clear improvement particularly red blood corpuscles and haemoglobin concentration. Thyroid functions were clearly affected with long-term 65 days KI supplementation as thyroid hormones were significantly reduced in their concentrations and reached their lowest values at day 65, however, they were still not lower than their reference values. Serum biochemicals showed no changes except for glucose that showed significant improvement. Long-term KI supplementation had a great impact on serum blood urea nitrogen and alkaline phosphatase through their significant serum concentrations reduction. A significant improvement in body weight gain was reported in treated sheep during the current study with a reported highest body weight gain at the 65th day. In Conclusion, long-term 65 days KI supplementation induced variable significant changes in sheep mainly rumen metabolic functions, blood picture indices, thyroid hormones functions and body weight gain.

Keywords | Sheep, Thyroid functions, Rumen metabolism, Total protozoal count, Total volatile fatty acids.