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South Asian Journal of Life Sciences

Research Article
S. Asian J. Life Sci. 7(2): 25-28
Http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.sajls/2019/7.2.25.28
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Muhammad Saqib, Farkhanda Manzoor, Rida Shahid, Shagufta Naz, Saima Sharif*

Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan.

Abstract | Background: Anemia is a clinical condition characterized by decrease in hemoglobin concentration of blood and according to World Health Organization (WHO) anemia is the major public health problem, so it is important to find the prevalence of anemia in pregnant females. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of anemia in pregnant females of rural areas of Punjab. Methodology and materials: This cross sectional study was conducted from January 2016 to June 2016. The locations of the subjects (n=600) were asked verbally. Blood sample of subjects (n=600) were collected andrun on hematological analyzer (Model ‘KX-21 Sysmex”, Germany) to asses various parameters of blood. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS (version 13). The patients with low hemoglobin level (≥10.9g/dl) were considered as anemic. Result: The mean hemoglobin level in anemic subjects was 8.8±0.04 (g/dl) and the total prevalence was 89%. The mean value of red blood cell (RBC’s), white blood cell (WBC’s) platelets and hematocrits in anemic subjects were 4.1±0.02 (106/µl), 10±0.06 (103/µl), 350±3.35 (103/µ) and 33.6±0.28 (%) respectively. The subjects were also divided into three trimesters to determine the prevalence of anemia in different trimesters. The mean values of hemoglobin level in three trimesters were 9.2±0.07 (g/dl), 9.1±0.08 (g/dl) and 7.8±0.07 (g/dl) respectively. Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia among pregnant female of rural area was 89% and it was observed that in the 3rd trimester hemoglobin level was low as compared to the 1st and 2nd trimester.
Keywords: Anemia, Hemoglobin, Platelets, Urban areas, Rural areas, Pakistan